Cute little nose catch cold easily. Babies catch cold more than eight times within their first year. Though these sniffles ad sneezes are common and rarely serious they create the worse situation for parents, especially for mothers. This is one of the biggest reasons for frequent pediatrician visit. When you know how to help your child when they get cold and when to call the doctor you can feel better and confident always.
Causes of cold in babies
Babies get cold often because their immune system is not yet ready to fight with the virus that causes infection. We all know very well that cold virus spread through the air or through someone who sick a cough or sneezes. These days we parents love to take our kids to the park at very early age may be within the year. Anyhow this is not so bad idea I just wanted to make clear about the discussion when you take your small baby to park, there you find children playing with lots of fun. You and even your baby enjoy it, but it is very hard to know which baby is infected with what. So it is best to avoid as much as possible taking your tiny toddler to such places. Create the entertaining environment at home to your baby until they are good enough to tolerate.
Even babies easily pick the cold at daycare or they can catch the cold from their elder brothers or sister who easily invite virus to home from school, or by hand shook with the infected people. These are the very little thing that we can control easily. As much as possible keep eye on these things to keep your baby out of cold and cold causing infections.
Normally babies show the symptoms of cold about 1 to 3 days after getting infected. The symptoms in babies include:
- Stuffy nose
- A runny nose, which should be clear at first but may turn yellow or green
- Reduced appetite
- Trouble sleeping
- Vomiting, diarrhea
Your child must start to feel better in 7 to 10 days.
Treatment for cold
Usually cold doesn’t need any treatment, they generally go away on their own after few days. At this age (under 6 years) antibiotic won’t work beret on kids because they kill bacteria and in this case, the viruses are to blame. When your baby catches cold try to calm your baby’s symptoms, but don’t give over dosage of a cough and cold medicines to the infants. All these products won’t work better for the babies under 6 years they can cause severe side effects in young children. To decrease the body temperature (fever) just make them feel comfortable you can give them acetaminophen or ibuprofen if your baby is six-month-old. Make sure to read the package and give the right dose according to weight and age. Never give your children any medicine that contains aspirin because this can cause risk of the rare but serious disease called Reye’s syndrome.
You can let you baby to rest more to make them feel better, try any of these home remedies to make them feel better
Give extra fluids to your baby- if your baby is over six months you can give water and 100 percent fruit juices because the fluids prevent dehydration and keep your baby’s nose and mouth moist.
Spray saline and suck out the mucus- if your baby has trouble in breathing through the stuffed nose spray few drops of saline solution into each nostril to loosen the mucus. Then use the bulb syringe to remove the mucus. Squeeze the bulb and place the tip into the baby nostril now release the bulb gently suction out the mucus. Now wash the tip with soap and water after every use.
Turn the humidifier- a cool-mist humidifier adds moisture to the air and keep your baby’s nose from drying out. Wash out the machine once after each use to avoid bacteria and mold buildup.
Unfortunately, it is very difficult to prevent every cold even we can’t do it, particularly during the winter months when these viruses often circulate. But you can lower your baby’s risk of getting sick with these tips:
- Ask a person to stay away from your home who’s sick.
- Keep your baby out from crowded places where there are lots of germs especially park, daycares etc.
- Wash your hands often during the day. If anyone holds your baby ask them to wash their hands.
- Always clean your baby’s toys with soap and water.
- Don’t let anyone use your baby’s cup, utensils, or towels.
- Tell older children to cough or sneeze into a tissue or their elbow, instead of into the air.
- Don’t let anyone smoke near your child. Cigarette smoke can make your baby more likely to get sick.
When to Call the Doctor
You don’t require calling a doctor for a cold if your baby is over 3 months old. In younger infants, make the call to a doctor when symptoms are at beginning stage — especially if your baby has a fever. Cold-like symptoms might actually signal a more serious illness, such as pneumonia or an ear infection. You’ll feel better if you check on it.
No matter what is your child’s age, call the doctor if you notice any of these more serious symptoms:
- Fever of 102 F or higher
- Trouble in breathing
- Not wanting to eat or drink
- Signs of dehydration, such as no tears or fewer wet diapers than usual
- Unusual sleepiness