Most of the women will experience cyst on the ovaries at least once in their lifetime. Most of the ovarian cysts are painless and it is very difficult to detect it at an early stage because it will not cause any symptoms. These types of cysts are discovered during routine pelvic examination. Symptoms of an ovarian cyst include vomiting, bloating, nausea, painful bowel movements, and pain during having sex. In many cases, the problems include serious problems so it is best to consult the gynecologist. Ovaries are the important part of a female reproductive system. A woman has two ovaries that produce eggs, hormones estrogen, and progesterone. Fluid-filled sac develops in the ovaries this is called cyst. 0ne in ten women definitely develop the cyst in their lifetime.
Types of ovarian cyst
There are different types of ovarian cyst such as a dermoid cyst, cystadenomas, and endometrioma cysts. But the functional cysts are the common type and the two types of functional cyst are follicle cyst and luteum cyst.
During the menstrual cycle, an egg is developed in a sac it is called as the follicle. This sac is located in the ovaries and in most cases sac breaks open and releases an egg. If the follicle doesn’t break open the fluid present inside the follicle can form a cyst in the ovaries.
Corpus luteum cysts
The follicle sacs dissolve after releasing an egg but if the sac doesn’t dissolve and if the opening of the follicle is sealed additional fluid are developed in the sac and this process of accumulation of fluid causes corpus luteum cyst.
Other types of ovarian cysts include:
- dermoid cysts: sac-like growth on the ovaries that can have hair, fat, and other tissue
- cystadenomas: non-cancerous growth that developed on the outer surface of the ovaries
- endometriomas: this tissues normally grows inside the uterus can spread outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst
Some women develop a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome. This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. It can cause the ovaries to enlarge, and if left untreated, polycystic ovaries can cause infertility.
ovarian cyst symptoms
Normally, ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms. But, symptoms can appear as the cyst grows. Symptoms may include:
- abdominal bloating or swelling
- painful bowel movements
- pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
- painful intercourse
- pain in the lower back or thighs
- breast tenderness
- nausea and vomiting
Severe symptoms of an ovarian cyst that require immediate medical attention include:
- severe or sharp pelvic pain
- faintness or dizziness
- rapid breathing
These symptoms can indicate a ruptured cyst or an ovarian torsion. Both complications can have serious consequences if not treated early.
Ovarian cyst complications
Most ovarian cysts are natural and naturally they go away on their own without any treatment. These cysts can cause little, if any, symptoms. In rare case, your doctor may detect a cancerous cystic ovarian mass during a routine examination.
Ovarian torsion is another rare complication of ovarian cysts. This is a condition where the large cyst forms an ovary to twist or move from its original position. Blood supply to the ovary is restricted, and if not treated, it can cause damage or death to the ovarian tissue. Although uncommon, ovarian torsion accounts for nearly 3 percent of emergency gynecologic surgeries.
Ruptured ovarian cyst, which is also rare, can cause intense pain and internal bleeding. This complication increases your risk of an infection and can be life-threatening if left untreated.
Prevention of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts cannot be prevented, by routine gynecologic examination can detect ovarian cysts.
Ovarian cysts can’t be prevented. However, routine gynecologic examinations can detect ovarian cysts early. Benign ovarian cysts don’t become cancerous. However, symptoms of ovarian cancer can mimic symptoms of an ovarian cyst. Thus, it’s very important to visit your doctor and receive a correct diagnosis. Alert your doctor to symptoms that may indicate a problem, such as:
- changes in your menstrual cycle
- ongoing pelvic pain
- loss of appetite
- unexplained weight loss
- abdominal fullness