LDL Vs HDL- good cholesterol and bad cholesterol

Having the high level of cholesterol in our body is good for nothing and really dangerous to your health. Having high cholesterol results in high blood pressure, high blood sugar and obesity etc. there are two types of cholesterol which rules your body health. LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol).

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LDL (low-density lipoprotein) HDL(high-density lipoprotein)
Lipoproteins are made of fat and proteins. Cholesterol moves through your body while inside lipoproteins HDL is known as “good cholesterol” because it transports cholesterol to your liver to be expelled from your body. HDL helps rid your body of excess cholesterol so it’s less likely to end up in your arteries.

 

LDL cholesterol makes up the majority of the body’s cholesterol. LDL is known as “bad” cholesterol because having high levels can lead to plaque buildup in your arteries and result in heart disease and stroke.

 

HDL cholesterol absorbs cholesterol and carries it back to the liver, which flushes it from the body. HDL is known as “good” cholesterol because having high levels can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

 

To know the cholesterol level in your body, you must take the help of your health care team. The blood test called lipid profile calculates the amount of cholesterol settled in your body. it also measures the triglycerides with HDL and LDL.  You’ll never experience the sign and symptoms of high LDL level in your body. So it is very important to check your cholesterol level often.

Who needs to check their cholesterol level?

It is very important to monitor your cholesterol level as you do for blood pressure. Talk to your general physician about what to do and when you should start. All the adults above 20 must check the cholesterol level often.

Causes of high cholesterol

The lifestyle habits that result in high cholesterol are:

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  • Obesity
  • Consumption of more red meat, saturated fat trans fat, fully dairy products, and processed foods.
  • Larger waist circumference (over 35 inches for women and over 40 inches for men)
  • Irregular exercise habits.

According to 2013 review, the smokers have high HDL than the nonsmokers. Research shows that smoking increases HDL level in the body.

How to treat the high cholesterol level?

The doctor often recommends this lifestyle of treat high cholesterol level:

  • Quit smoking
  • Following healthy diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Reduce stress

Diet that helps to lower the cholesterol in the body

  • Consuming more fruits and vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Skinless poultry, lean pork and red meat
  • Unsalted nuts, seeds, and legumes
  • Olive oil or vegetable oil

Avoid these foods that increase LDL

  • untrimmed red meat
  • fried foods
  • baked goods made with trans fats or saturated fats
  • full-fat dairy products
  • foods with hydrogenated oils
  • tropical oils

prevention tips

Eat healthy, live happily and stop thinking more about unnecessary things.