Diclofenac is Nonsteroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug (NSAID). This medicine reduces the pain and inflammation causing substance in the body. This drug is used to treat the moderate pain or symptoms of Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis. The cataflam brand of this medicine is used to treat the menstrual cramps. The diclofenac powder (cambia) is used to treat the Migraine Headache. This powder is used only to treat the headache and it will not prevent your headaches or reduce the attacks.
you must not use diclofenac if you are allergic to aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Diclofenac can increase the risks of the fatal heart attack or stroke if you use it for long time or if you take high doses. You should not use this medicine before or after undergoing the heart bypass surgery. Do not use this medicine if you have any heart diseases. Diclofenac can cause fatal intestinal bleeding, when you use this medicine without your physician advice especially in the older adults.
Tell your doctor if you have these diseases or symptoms, before using diclofenac
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- If you have habit of smoking
- History of heart attack, stroke or blood clot
- Stomach ulcers or bleeding
- Liver or kidney diseases
- Fluid retention
Taking diclofenac before pregnancy can harm your unborn baby. So it is better to tell your doctor, if you are planning to become pregnant. You should not breast feed your baby if you are using diclofenac. Diclofenac is not prescribed for the patients below 18 years old.
How to take diclofenac?
There are many different brands of diclofenac and they contain different amount of this medicine and they are prescribed for different uses. Follow your doctor’s advice about how much medicine you should tale. Carefully follow the instructions given on the prescription label. You doctor can occasionally change your dose to get best results. Do not take this medicine more than prescribed dose or for the long time.
What happens if I miss the dose?
Take the missed dise as soon as you remember or skip the missed dose if you reach the next schedule. Do not take the missed dose with the exact time dose because it will create severe health problems. If you take overdose of this medicine immediately seek the medical advice.
What you should avoid while taking diclofenac?
- Other NSAIDs
Side effects of diclofenac
Seek the emergency medical help if you have allergies due to taking diclofenac, or if you have runny or stuffy nose or sneezing. Wheezing or trouble in breathing, swelling of face, lips or tongue or throat. Get emergency help if you have heart attack or stroke, chest pain spreading t the jaw or shoulder.
Stop using diclofenac and call your doctor at once if you have:
- the first sign of any skin rash, no matter how mild;
- shortness of breath (even with mild exertion);
- swelling or rapid weight gain;
- signs of stomach bleeding – bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds;
- liver problems – nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tired feeling, flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- kidney problems – little or no urinating, painful or difficult urination, swelling in your feet or ankles, feeling tired or short of breath;
- high blood pressure – severe headache, pounding in your neck or ears, nosebleed, anxiety, confusion;
- low red blood cells (anemia) – pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate, trouble concentrating; or
- severe skin reaction – fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.
Common diclofenac side effects may include:
- indigestion, gas, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting;
- diarrhea, constipation;
- headache, dizziness, drowsiness;
- stuffy nose;
- itching, increased sweating;
- increased blood pressure; or
- Swelling or pain in your arms or legs.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. More frequently reported side effects include: nausea, abdominal pain, fluid retention, diarrhea, constipation, dyspepsia, and headache. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.